In order to make the workplaces of employees safe and secure, the government in many countries in the world, including the United Kingdom, have developed regulations and did a great job in implementing these rules.
The conditions of a workplace can be easily categorized in terms of hazards in the environment, physical, biological, and chemical, depending on what is the nature of the business of an organization or establishment. Let us take for example an environmental hazard where the workplace may be experienced as too hot or too cold,, and for physical hazard, products of the establishment may cause injury to the workers.
Thus to help reduce and even avoid the amount of hazards in a work area, many firms would look and appoint their health and safety consultant. In some cases though, some companies may not be financially capable to have their own health and safety consultant, thus in this condition, they will look for the services of a third party health and safety consultants to do the job, since these professionals are also experienced in the job at a reasonable cost.
Taking the UK as an example, they have developed several regulations about health and safety and has been implemented for many years, that ensure a safety and secure working environment of the employees of the company while doing their duties and tasks. Their government developed an Act that would make it illegal for a company to breach any rules and regulations regarding the safety in the work area, and is punishable by a big amount of money.
Practically any industry is covered in the developed Acts, and the risks of accidents and health issues are aimed to be at a minimum especially in industries where accidents can be fatal like in the construction and building industries.
Large companies usually employ their own health and safety personnel, and this person has the duty to conduct inspection and report about the conditions of the workplace, especially if there is an observed hazard that will endanger health and safety to the workers.
There are also strict controls in the handling of substances that could be harmful to the health of the workers, and guidelines in the amount of noise allowed in the workplace to avoid hearing risks of workers.
It is also placed under these regulations to be the duty of the employer to provide annual check ups for their employees, under the regular monitoring of the health and safety personnel especially if health issues are seen on the employees because of long exposure to the working environment.